– Project partners have developed a document analysing the regulatory and sectoral framework for water cycle management in the cross-border cooperation area;
– The report examines the implementation of different management models according to the size of the population and the main supply and sanitation problems;
– This diagnosis will allow the development of methodologies and tools that facilitate the integration, efficiency and effectiveness of the integral water cycle management in the POCTEP area.
The “Study on water management the POCTEP area” developed in the Aquamundam project addresses the analysis of the current situation of provision and administration of water services in the cross-border cooperation territory, focusing on three main themes:
- General characteristics of the POCTEP area
- Legislation applied in the water sector in Spain and Portugal
- Water management in the POCTEP area
- Supply and sanitation management models in Spain and Portugal
- Comparison of management models according to population and cost of services
Characteristics of the POCTEP area
The POCTEP area, made up of cross-border territories from Spain and Portugal, has a certain homogeneity and common problems – high population aging, dispersed distribution in the territory and low birth rates.
This territory comprises the international basins of five rivers: Minho, Lima, Douro, Tejo and Guadiana, and a more intense cooperation is required in the use of this common resource.
The document also details the regulatory framework that regulates the water cycle in both countries, under the common background that are the European directives transposed to the legal system of each country. To do this, the document makes a comparative analysis of the existing laws and regulations by thematic area, identifying as the main distinctive factors the between the two states, being Portuguese managed centrally and Spanish based on autonomies, with a greater number of agents involved in the water cycle.
Water management in the POCTEP area
The last section of the report contains a comprehensive study on water management in the POCTEP area, analysing: management model – public, private or mixed, companies and management entities, tariff regime and main problems.